Guangzhou has a long history of culture, city has more people in indigenous culture of Guangzhou. The city after the introduction of the culture of the Central Plains, Guangzhou native culture gradually developed into a branch of the Chinese national culture, and prosperity in ancient Guangzhou business, foreign trade developed social background, innovation and development of modern western learning and the democratic revolution. In the long-term social life and foreign cultural exchanges, integration, gradually formed with strong local color and cultural. In 1982 the State Council was announced as the national historical and cultural city.
Before the Qin Dynasty, they created their own local culture based on the original culture in the Neolithic period. After Qin Dynasty unified the South of the Five Ridges, the Han culture constantly spread, with the local cultural intersection, forming Guangzhou ancient culture. Song Dynasty was the prosperous period in Guangzhou city construction, Guangzhou had become a Chinese trade center all over the world at that time, Guangzhou culture came to a Thriving scene with several Zhongyuan people moving south, foreign merchant ships exchanging, foreign religious culture coming to Guangzhou. Ming and Qing Dynasty, Guangzhou cultural achieved development peak and aid the cultural foundation of South of the Five Ridges characteristic. The literature had an important achievement, what’s more, the poetry is flourishing, known as the "former five poet ", "later five poet" and "south of the Five Ridges three" poetry society,they formed the "south of the Five Ridges poetry school". At the same time, the art of Cantonese Opera gradually formed. Guangzhou regarded as the as the opening port, had influenced by western Literature after the Opium War.
At the beginning of the 1980's, Guangzhou began to touch with Hongkong television, So Hongkong cultural has a good representation in Guangzhou. After 1990, Guangzhou become much more open ,a lot of foreigners come into this city. At the same time the central Mandarin popularization in Guangdong was deepening, So local Guangzhou dialect environment became shrinking. In addition, the public gradually get away from the traditional Chinese opera, story telling and other folk art.